How to Start Your Own Indoor Garden?
Enjoy gardening? Want to become more sustainable? Interested in growing your own food? Lucky for you we know exactly where and how to start! First of all, let’s get to know a little bit of what urban agriculture and indoor farming is all about. Indoor farming is the future of urban agriculture. It allows anyone to grow all plants anywhere at any time all year round. Indoor farming is on the rise with over 2.2 million square feet of indoor farms operating across the globe and this number is only expected to increase in the next five to ten years. The biggest benefit of indoor farming includes conserving natural resources such as water, land, and nutrients while simultaneously improving harvests for select crops such as leafy greens, tomatoes, and herbs.
So why isn’t everyone part of this growing industry? Well, most people don’t know where to start when creating their indoor farm or garden. Fortunately, we have put together five simple steps to starting your own indoor garden.
What do you want to grow?
First and foremost, you have to figure out what you want to grow. The most common plants to grow for indoor farming beginners are lettuce, leafy greens, tomatoes, celery and herbs. You can go to your local plant store or supermarket to pick out the packs of seeds you wish to grow!
Find a Space!
Step two is to find a space. Make sure it’s a space that is big enough to set up your indoor garden. This could be in your basement with a table or two.
In addition to finding a space the conditions must also be taken into account. When the seeds are first planted heat is more important than light. You should find a warm place to begin the growing process. Try to avoid places near windows with drafts which could hinder the plant’s growing process. Once the seedling begin to break through then light becomes vital.
Pot your plants!
After you have found a place to grow your plants you now have to pot them! For many indoor farming/gardening methods, hydroponic systems are the most common. Hydroponic systems give gardeners complete control over nutrient delivery. Plants that grow hydroponically have greater energy efficiency than plants that are grown in soil.
But what are Hydroponic systems? Hydroponic systems only use water and nutrients without soil. Some growing mediums to substitute soil are rockwool, hydrocorn, coconut fibre, vermiculite, perlite, and more. Simply put, the idea behind hydroponics is to remove as many barriers as possible between a plant’s roots and the water, oxygen, and nutrients it needs to grow. Our Hydroponic System 6 pots soil-less cultivation plant grow kit holes is perfect for a small environment without too much hassle.
Light them up!
Now that your plants have a space and a home to grow it is now time to let the light shine in! Plants that receive natural sunlight also benefit from cool and warm fluorescent lights. The best result to give you a full spectrum of light is to supplement natural sunlight with light from a bulb. We recommend full-spectrum CFLs and LEDs for more energy-efficient artificial lighting. The type of lighting system to use depends on where you have placed your garden. Place artificial lights 6 inches over the plants. That's why gardeners often have their lights on chains. Some examples of lighting systems are:
- Mars Hydro Mars II 900 LED Grow Light Panel
- PanthrX Mini Grow Light- Crecer Lighting USA
- Mars Hydro Mars Pro II Cree 256 LED Grow Light Panel
Watering depends on the type of plants that are being grown, the size of the plants, and what type of (growing) medium you are using. Plants are very particular when it comes to over and under watering them. You have to consider whether your medium is repellant or absorbent. For example, if you are using Rockwool then it is an absorbent (holds a lot of water) while Hydrocorn is a repellent (does not hold a lot of water). Idealistically, you want your medium to be moist but not drenched and to dry out a bit between waterings.
How can you tell if you are over-watering your plants? Simple, if your plants wilt just after watering then you are watering too much. Two to three times a day to begin is a good rule to follow and this number can increase as the plants get bigger.
By following these five simple steps to getting started on your own indoor garden you’ll be able to join a growing industry and start living a more sustainable, eco-friendly, resource saving life!