The Basics of Indoor Gardening
In our previous post we wrote about 5 Tips for Growing Vegetables in Grow Tents. Today's post continues that theme with The Basics of Indoor Gardening.
Whether your a hobby gardner, a thorough enthusiast or a looking at dabbling with a commercial angle, the love for plants and all things green are what unite us.
Some of us might be blessed with a green thumb while other might find it more process and detail oriented to make up for that, either way, you know that all plants needs some essentials in order for them to thrive.
When looking at bringing your garden indoors, those requirements tend to go up because you now need to re-create nature’s own garden in your very own house. Indoor gardening has evolved tremendously over the past two decades with tremendous innovations in various type of growing. Soil being the natural and most popular still, but fast becoming a more efficient way to grow are various soilless processes such as hydroponics, aeroponics and aquaponics.
Irrespective of which type of medium you will use to grow, here are some basics of indoor gardening that you should keep in mind:
In order for photosynthesis to occur, plants need a certain amount of light every day. Now even if you are equipped with a bright well lit room for most of the day, you still might need to supplement the intensity of that light as the day progresses. Enter the world of grow lights which become essential for indoor gardening success.
Plants utilize various spectrums of light at different stages of their growth. While sunlight offers a full spectrum of light, plants automatically absorb the spectrums they need during their flowering (red spectrum) or vegetative stages (blue spectrum). In an indoor environment you will need to help the plants by fitting grow lights that offer these spectrums.
In the outdoors, plants stay well rooted and supported with soil. However when you bring them indoors you either need to ensure that they have adequate soil for support and to absorb nutrients or you need to create a growing medium for them. Hydroponics is when water is used as a medium while aeroponics uses air as a medium for roots to flourish. However, do remember that roots do not like light and hence your roots need to be in a dark chamber at all times. There are several options as well to support the plant such as rock wool cubes, pop soil, perlite, vermiculite etc. Just ensure that your growing medium needs to be porous enough for roots of the plants to absorb water and nutrients through them.
Plants needs adequate ventilation for them to perform photosynthesis and flourish. By principle, plants absorb carbon dioxide during photosynthesis and also need ideal temperatures to be able to flourish. Have the right circulation, humidity levels and temperature control indoors will ensure that you see great success with your plants
Whether your growing medium is soil or not, you roots needs adequate water to help them absorb nutrients from their growing medium or substrate. In aeroponics for example, roots are constantly sprayed with a fine rich nutritive mist that enables them to keep growing. So setup your watering system whether its time based in the case of aeroponics and hydroponics or even if you have a drip system for your soil based environment.
Plants needs nutrients to grow just as human beings need their nutrition. In the outdoors plants get this through the soil, however, when growing indoors you need to ensure that the plants get this. Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium (NPK) are the critical mega nutrients that all plants need. In addition there are micronutrients which will need to be supplemented during different stages of a plants growth. Most ready organic nutrients now come with ready formulas which are easy to follow and reduce your need to do additional research. Just tell them what plants you are growing and the store will help you pick the right nutrients.
Most Important indoor gardening tip
While it may cost you a little more than you may have envisioned, it will certainly more than pay its self off when you start harvesting. Grow tents, ladies and gentlemen. Indoor grow tent kits are the best way to get start with your indoor growing plants. It is best to go with a all-in-one grow tent kit which generally come with lights, fan, humidity and temperature control, timers, carbon filters to remove odor especially during flower periods and adequate ventilation arrangements. Quite simply the best one that we feel out there is HighDroGro and their Stash Box and Dream Box.